Bauhaus

Bauhaus Begins…

The Staatliches Bauhaus commonly known as the Bauhaus was a German art school operational from 1919 to 1933 that combined crafts and the fine arts.[1] The school became famous for its approach to design, which strove to combine beauty with function and attempted to unify the principles of mass production with individual artistic vision.
The Bauhaus was founded by architect Walter Gropius in Weimar. The German term Bauhaus—literally "building a house"—was understood as meaning "School of Building", but in spite of its name the Bauhaus did not initially have an architecture department. Nonetheless, it was founded upon the idea of creating a Gesamtkunstwerk ("'total' work of art") in which all the arts, including architecture, would eventually be brought together. The Bauhaus style later became one of the most influential currents in modern design, Modernist architecture and art, design, and architectural education.[2] The Bauhaus movement had a profound influence on subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography. (1)

Nevertheless, when Gropius founded the Bauhaus in 1919 in the town of Weimar, by bringing together existing institutions – the old Academy of Fine Arts and a more recently established School of Applied Arts – he was still able to proclaim: "Let us conceive, consider and create together the new building of the future that will bring all into one simple integrated creation: architecture, painting, and sculpture rising to heaven out of the hand of a million craftsmen, the crystal symbol of the new faith of the future." (2)

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Form follows function

Form follows function...

‘Form follows function’ is a principle that proposes a building’s purpose should be the starting point for its design rather than its aesthetics. As an axiom, it is associated with modernist architects in the early-20th century, and can be termed 'functionalism'. The phrase (which was actually 'form ever follows function'), was first coined by the American architect Louis Sullivan who helped develop the first steel skyscrapers in late-19th century Chicago. This period was a transformative one for architecture, as the new technologies and construction methods that developed during the Industrial Age meant that old and established styles could be adapted or replaced. (1)

This image for Image Layouts addon
Prudential Guaranty in Buffalo, New York. Dacoslett/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0 - form follow function.
Sullivan was a mentor to Wright,...
Frank Lloyd Wright was...
After World War I,...
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Ornament and Crime

Ornament and Crime began...

Ornament and Crime began as a lecture delivered by Adolf Loos in 1910 in response to a time (the late 19th and early 20th Centuries) and a place (Vienna), in which Art Nouveau was the status quo. Loos used the essay as a vehicle to explain his disdain of "ornament" in favour of "smooth and previous surfaces," partly because the former, to him, caused objects and buildings to become unfashionable sooner, and therefore obsolete. Thus the effort wasted in designing and creating superfluous ornament, that ishe saw as nothing short of a "crime." The ideas embodied in this essay were forerunners to the Modern movement, including practices that would eventually be at the core of the Bauhaus in Weimar. (1)

Extract from Ornament and Crime...
As a century has passed...
Loos takes on some...
His entire argument that...
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Concrete Discovery

Concrete was first...

Concrete Discovery

Concrete Discovery
The period during which. invented depends on how one interprets the term "concrete." Ancient materials were raw cement made by crushing and burning gypsum or limestone. Lime also refers to crushed, burned limestone. When sand and water were added to this cement, they became mortar, which was a plaster-like material used to adhere to stones to each other.  Over thousands of years, these materials were improved upon, combined with other materials, and ultimately, morphed into modern concrete.
The precursor to concrete was invented in about 1300 BC when Middle Eastern builders found that when they coated the outsides of their pounded-clay fortresses and home walls with a thin,
 damp coating of burned limestone, it reacted chemically with gases in the air to form a hard, protective surface, This wasn't concrete, but it was the beginning of the development of cement.
Early Use of Concrete...
Reinforced Concrete has led to...
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Textile reinforced concrete..
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